On this occasion, from Clínica Gran Alacant, we are pleased to discuss what gynecological cytology is for and other aspects related to this common …
Causes and reasons for an altered Pap smear. If you are wondering why a Pap smear may show abnormal results, it is essential to consider a variety of factors, as each situation is unique and can be influenced by everything from infections to hormonal changes.
Why can a Pap smear be abnormal?
There are multiple factors that can contribute to an abnormal Pap smear. Among the most common causes are infections, inflammation and, in rare cases, the presence of precancerous or cancerous cells.
Common Types of Cytologic Alterations
Several different abnormalities can show up on your Pap smear results, each with its own implications. Below, we will explore some of the most common ones.
Infections represent one of the most frequent causes of altered cytology, whether bacterial, viral or fungal.
This infection, caused by an imbalance in the usual vaginal bacteria, can influence the cytology results.
Another common infection, caused by fungi, candidiasis can affect the results and often manifests with vaginal itching and discharge.
Genital herpes, a viral infection, can cause altered Pap smear results, characterized by sores or blisters in the genital area.